The key to developing
reading fluency and moving from a beginner reader to a competent reader is practice. The difference
in good and poor readers is the amount of time they spend reading.
It is important to find books with
familiar words and story plots. To develop fluency, children need books that they understand so they can make sense
of what they are reading about.
Some children just take to reading and very quickly develop
fluency and comprehension skills, however, most children need explicit reading assistance such as supported
1. When reading a book for the first time discuss the title, author
2. Look through the book’s illustrations and predict what the story
may be about
3. Look for
particularly challenging text, select a few words and discuss their meaning
4. As they read your job is to prompt, encourage and confirm their
attempts at problem solving
5. Remind them to look at the illustrations for clues
6. Provide positive feedback
7. Enjoy your time reading together
Children reading challenging text
If the book is challenging, for example it has more than 10% of
unfamiliar words, follow this process;
a. You read a section of text first
b. They read the same text
c. You provide guidance and encouragement
d. They re-read the section until they can read it fluently; three
or four times is plenty.
Monitoring and supporting your
child's reading will improve their reading fluency and overall reading achievement.
Another way to support and improve reading fluency is to read
through difficult text simultaneously. Reading the same text at the same time allows children to hear the
words as they are reading them.
For further information on how to teach reading check out this
great site: Reading
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